Gallstones are stiff stones of digestive liquids that have settled on your gallbladder. Your gallbladder is small in size and looks similar to that of a pear shape placed on the right side of your abdomen, which is just below your liver. Gallstones can vary in size, ranging from small to extremely large. While some individuals may develop just one gallstone, others can develop many all simultaneously! In terms of urgency, this may also vary. While some people who experience symptoms that are related to gallstones do require drastic and quick forms of treatment such as surgery, others may not need it.
What are the symptoms of gallstones?
- An unexpected and sharp pain on the upper right side of your abdomen
- An unexpected and intense pain in the middle of your abdomen
- A severe form of back pain in the middle of your two shoulder blades
- Sudden pain in your right shoulder
- Feeling like vomiting or feeling nauseous
- The pain that comes with a gallstone can last from a couple of minutes to several hours.
What types of gallstones exist?
Predominantly, there are two types:
- Cholesterol gallstones: these are frequently occurring in patients and are usually yellow. These gallstones usually have undissolved cholesterol. However, they can include other substances as well.
- Pigment gallstones are very dark brown shades of stones or black stones that occur when your bile has an excess of bilirubin.
What are the risk factors for getting gallstones?
- Females tend to be more at risk than males for gallstones, especially those females who are pregnant.
- Individuals 40 years or older are at a higher risk than those younger.
- Having a family history of gallstones can increase your risks
- Individuals with diabetes are at a higher risk than those who do not have this preexisting condition
- Having any sort of liver disease can put you at risk
- Eating a high-fat diet can increase the levels of fat deposits in your body, increasing not only the risk of gallstones but also the risk of many more diseases
What can we prevent this from happening?
Methods of prevention include:
- Eating a healthy diet: including foods that include a high fiber intake will allow you to avoid gallstones. Examples of such foods include fruits, vegetables, and meals that have whole grains in them.
- Keep a healthy weight: staying fit is extremely important if you want to avoid not just gallstones but many other diseases. Obesity and fat accumulation in the body can result in a high risk of gallstones. By working out regularly and eating well, your weight can be kept in check.
- Do not skip any meals: do not start skipping meals as a form of losing weight. Instead, eat on time but eat healthily and exercise to maintain weight. Even losing weight too quickly can result in gallstones.
Therefore, if you think you might have symptoms that can indicate the existence of gallstones and would like to get it reviewed by a doctor, then we have the best general surgeons available for you. You can find the Best General Surgeon in Lahore and the Best General Surgeon in Karachi, according to your area